Fish comes in large variety of species and sizes - fish is the most common prey for recreational fishermen. Knowing fish species and how to catch them is vital in having successful fishing.
Nonetheless, it is often better to be lucky than smart :o)
The Greater Amberjack (Seriola Dumerili) is a fish of the genus Seriola. Maximum length of the Greater Amberjack is 1.90 meters, but common specimen is around a meter in length. Its maximum weight is ~80 kg.
They are blue-gray in color, the upper body is often olive, with transition to silvery white on the belly.
An amber-colored stripe runs along the body. Juvenile specimen are yellowish in color, hence the name in many languages - amber or yellow, especially for small specimen.
Pagellus erythrinus or the Common Pandora, is a fish of the Sparidae family. It has a slim, oval body covered with small scales (it's face included). A typical specimen measures 15-20cm (6-8 inches), but it can reach as much as 60cm in length and 3 kg in weight (~6.5 pounds).
The Black Seabream (Spondyliosoma Cantharus) is a species of Sparidae fishes. The fish body is ovoid, relatively deep. The profile of the head above the eye is slightly depressed.
The snout is short with each jaw having 4-6 rows of conical and rather slender teeth. The outer teeth are enlarged, especially in front of jaw.
Gilthead Seabream is fish from Sparidae family. It is easily recognizable due to black mark just behind the eyes and golden strip between eyes.
Forkbeard, Phycis Phycis, is a species of fish of the cod family (Gadidae). The body is elongated and slightly laterally flattened. The eyes are large and round. It is brownish-red in color dorsally, becoming paler ventrally. Vertical fins are gray-brownish, darker at the edges.
The Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse, is a small, very gentle fish in the family Labridae.
Body is elongated, laterally flat, with a small head and a small mouth.
Like all eels, it has elongated, but very strong body - dark (sometimes black) back, transitioning to white-gray on the belly; skin is without scales.
The body is rather long, slender and somewhat flattened. The mouth is protrusive, facing upward with small teeth. The head and the body are covered with scales.
Comber is a species of fish in the family Serranidae. It has elongated oval body, with slightly flattened sides. It has relatively large mouth capable of grabbing large bait.
Red Porgy - Pagrus Pagrus - is a fish species in the family Sparidae. Head is strong and relatively large with 4 upper and 6 lower canine like teeth in the jaws; combined with strong tail fin - sign of active predator.
East Atlantic Peacock Wrasse is a fish in the family Labridae. It has a flattened, elongated body, with large fleshy mouth. There are differences between adult males and females - the males are larger and more colorful with blue-green color, while the females are gray-olive in color.
Brown Comber - Serranus Hepatus - is a fish in the family Serranidae. It is small fish rarely longer than 15cm (6 inches) with maximum recorded length of 25cm (10 inches). On average, it is very small fish with average specimens being 5-7cm (2-3 inches) in length.
The Thornback Ray or Thornback Skate is a fish of the Rajidae family. It has a flattened, square-shaped body with broad, wing-like pectoral fins with a long, thorny tail. The back is covered in numerous thorny spines with numerous dots and spots that aid in camouflage. Color vary depending on the location and habitat - back is brown-gray-reddish with lighter and darker spot, dots and stripes.
The Atlantic Bonito (Sarda Sarda) is a fish of the family Scombridae. Bonitos, fishes in the genus Sarda, differ from tuna with having their bodies compressed and their lack of teeth on the roof of the mouth.
John Dory is a fish of the Zeidae family. It has an oval, laterally compressed olive-yellow-brownish body which has a large dark spot and very long spines on the dorsal fin. Large eyes at the front of the head provide John Dory with binocular vision and depth perception, which are important for predators that feeds on small, schooling fish - even when they have such a big mouth.
Sargo or White Seabream is fish of the Sparidae family. In appearance, it is very similar to several other fish species of the same family, but they are easily distinguished due to body and head shapes, proportions, stripes etc.
Bogue is a species of seabream native to the eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Seas. It is a demersal and semi-pelagic feeder - consumes seaweed, crustaceans and plankton - in schools rises to the surface at night.
Monkfish (Angler, Headfish, Goosefish) is name of several types of fish in the northwest Atlantic, most often the species of the anglerfish genus Lophius.
The Common Sole is a flatfish in the Soleidae family. It hatches as an 'normal' fish with an eye on each side of the body - it changes shape to flatfish when it is about 1 cm (little less than half of an inch) long.
The Golden grey mullet is a fish in the family Mugilidae. It has hydrodynamic, very elegant body with strong tail-fin. It has dark gray back that transit into silver white toward the belly with several gray horizontal stripes. On gill covers, there is a golden spot - hence the name.
Red Scorpionfish is a venomous fish in the family Scorpaenidae. It is the largest eastern Atlantic scorpion fish - It grows up to a 65cm and weigh up to 6kg, but such large specimens are very rare - commonly, it is 30cm (1 foot) long and weigh about 0.6kg.
Common Two-Banded Seabream is fish from Sparidae family. Body is oval, sides flattened, silverish in color with two black vertical stripes - bands - one just after the head, second right in front of the tail.
Painted Comber is relatively small fish from Serranidae (groupers and sea basses) family. Body is silverish in appearance, darker on the back, lighter toward stomach with several black, vertical stripes and large bluish dot on it's sides.
Flathead Gray Mullet is fish from Mugilidae family. It is one of the most common mullet species spread worldwide. It has stubby body, but very elegant appearance dominated with meaty lips and big and strong tail.
Salema is fish from Sparidae family. With egg-shape body and small head, it has small mouth with teeth optimized for mostly herbivorous nutrition. Only small species like to feed on crustaceans and similar food.
Striped Bream is fish from Sparidae family. It has elongated, oval body with fleshy snout. It is grey-silverish with golden glint; white-silver on the bottom with numerous black stripes over the sides.
European Sea Bass is one of the most valued fishes in recreational fishing - very tricky and cunning predator which can be found in the waters in and around Europe, including the eastern Atlantic Ocean (from Norway to Senegal), the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.
It's appearance - big and strong jaws, powerful body and strong tail fin - reveals it's predatory nature...
Saddled Seabream is fish from Sparidae family. It is quite common small school fish in the Mediterranean Sea and some parts of Atlantic Ocean (like Bay of Biscay, Madeira, Cape Verde, Canary Islands and from Strait of Gibraltar to Angola).
Annular Gilthead - Diplodus Annularis has a slim, oval body - color ranges from yellow/green-greyish back and sides and white-silver stomach. On tail, it has one black stripe - saddle.