Damselfish - Chromis Chromis


Latin: Chromis Chromis

English: Damselfish

German: Der Mönchsfisch

French: Castagnole

Italian: Fabretto

Spanish: La Castañuela

Croatian: Crnelj, šćoka, crnjul, kaliger

About: Damselfish (Chromis Chromis) is a small fish of Pomacentridae family. It's oval body is covered with large scales. The dark gray-greenish pigmentation with yellow dotted stripes are going from head to tail - younger specimens tend to have blueish glint, while adults are more dark brownish in color. Head is short, fully scaled, with large eyes and single nostril on each side. The mouth is small, equipped with small teeth in three rows.

Maximum length is around 16cm (around 6.3 inches) and maximum weight around 80g (little less than 3 ounces), with average specimen being around 40g (1.3 ounces).

Spawning occurs in June and July.

Damselfish (Chromis Chromis) and other Pomacentridae are very often kept as saltwater aquarium fishes. They are very colorful, not too picky about food and get along nicely with other fish species in aquarium. If they are small enough, they will even leave large prawns alone, but if they get hungry, they might try to eat even larger prawns.

Habitat: Chromis Chromis can be found in Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Other species from Pomacentridae family are widespread around the globe.

Chromis Chromis can be found from shallows up to 40m of depth, but it is mostly found between 2 and 15m around reefs, large rocks and sea meadows, where adults can form large schools few meters above seabed.

Fishing period:  Fishing period is mostly during warm months.

Fishing rigs and tackle: Although they feed on small plankton and benthic animals, Damselfish is mostly caught with nets and fish traps. It can also be caught with small handline or with rod and reel using fishing float and thin lines and small hooks.

As bait, use bread, bread and cheese paste, small pieces of fish meat, mussels, even very small prawns (for larger specimens).

It is rarely main target of fishing, but it can be used as great bait for larger fish (trolling or longline) like Conger Eel (Conger Conger), Common Dentex (Dentex Dentex) and other species that lurk around Damselfish's schools.

Cuisine: Meat is very soft, tender and surprisingly tasty. Unfortunately, larger ones are very rare. It is mostly prepared fried in pan due to many small sharp bones.